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Автор: By PROFESSOR J. BORG, M. A., M. D.
Книга вышла в Англии, в 1956 году.
В жестком переплете.
В книге - 487 страниц.
Формат книги - 14 на 22 см.
В книге 124 черно-белых фотографии.
A GARDENER'S HANDBOOK
IDENTIFICATION AND CULTIVATION
By PROFESSOR J. BORG, M. A., M. D.
Late Professor of Natural History in the Malta University
London BLANDFORD PRESS
First Published (By Macmillan & Co. Ltd.) 1937
Second Edition (Completely revised and enlarged) 1951
Made and printed in Great Britain by
S. Tinsley & Co. Ltd., Ill Salusbury Road, London, N.W.6
Professor John Borg, m.a., m.d., who died in Malta, the land of his birth, in 1945, at the age of 72 years, was a botanist of great repute, an indefatigable scientific worker, a prolific writer, an inspiring teacher, and a great philanthropist.
He studied Science and Medicine at the University of Malta, where he graduated M.A. in 1894 and M.D. in 1898.
Medicine was his profession, and he practised it most conscientiously and gave early proofs of a brilliant career, but his great love of Nature was a stronger attraction for him; so much so that, in 1900, he accepted the onerous duties of Superintendent of Public Gardens; in 1919 he became Superintendent of the Department of Agriculture, and in 1921 he was offered, and accepted, the Professorship of Natural History at the University of Malta.
Under his direction public gardening and agriculture in Malta underwent a complete overhaul: existing gardens were systematized, new gardens were opened, experimental farming was established, plant pathological work was introduced.
A list of some of his many publications is appended; it starts with a "Catalogue of Plants cultivated in St. Antonio Gardens"-the biggest public garden in the island-published two years before young Borg had left his University, and ends with a crowning publication on "Cacti" of which the present is a second and revised edition. Professor Borg had just finished the compilation of this revised edition at the time of his death. Cactus growing, in many cases from seed, was a life-long hobby with him; he personally tended a most extensive and comprehensive collection of Cacti and Succulents, which he donated to the Botanic Garden of the Royal University of Malta in the last days of his life.
Professor Borg added lustre to the chair of Natural History at the Royal University of Malta; his "Cultivation and Diseases of Fruit Trees," "Gardening in Malta," and "Descriptive Flora of the Maltese Islands" were all penned during his tenure of the professorship and they stand as a monument to his great erudition. His Manuscript on "The Phlegraean Fields" involving a very thorough and painstaking research is so far unedited. On his retirement he was appointed a Professor Emeritus and his services as Examiner in Botany and Zoology were retained up to his death.
The Royal University of Malta is also indebted to Professor Borg and his wife for a complete Herbarium of Local Indigenous Plants, a Research Microscope and Accessories, a L4,000 Scholarship Fund, and a Bronze Bust of Professor Borg himself, presented by his wife.
S. L. Vella Professor of Biology,
Royal University of Malta
PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION
Growers of Cacti too often feel that there is a dearth of literature in a popular form on the cultivation and knowledge of these plants, and that the present revival of Cactus culture all over the world was not assisted in English-speaking countries by any considerable development of popular horticultural literature in this direction. Since the publication of "Cactus Culture for Amateurs," by William Watson, Curator, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, first published in 1889, which went through five editions, no other popular work on Cactaceae has been published in England until 1933, when Mrs. Vera Higgins, m.a., published her very interesting "Study of Cacti," which, besides much valuable cultural information, contains a general classification with descriptive characters of all the genera, as laid down by Britton and Rose. The "Cactus Book," by A. D. Houghton, published in America in 1930, gives good cultural directions and a classification of genera according to Britton and Rose, to which are added comprehensive lists of species recommendable to the grower. The enterprising firm of W. T. and H. E. Neale, of Meeching Rise Nurseries, Sussex, has also published an admirably illustrated and descriptive catalogue of "Cacti and Other Succulents," to which are added by way of introduction valuable cultural directions. Watson's work, although no doubt very useful and informative at the time when it was published, was too limited in scope, and is now too much out of date to be a real guide to the grower and amateur in the identification of his plants. On the other hand, "The Cactaceae," by Britton and Rose, in every respect a work of very high botanical standard, is too costly, too voluminous (4 volumes), and too technical to meet the needs of the mere grower and amateur. It was also, until lately, unfortunately out of print, and difficult to procure, but a reprint made under the auspices of the American Cactus Society is now available.
In the present work, after a few introductory chapters of a general character conveying elementary knowledge on the cultivation of Cacti, as well as on their structure, a general classification is given, with concise but full descriptions of the genera of Cactaceae and of most of the species in cultivation, along with their varieties. Most of the new species are also included, so that the gardener and amateur will find that there are very few species of any importance which are omitted, and that a gap in English horticultural literature has been adequately filled up. Out of a total of about 1,576 species belonging to this family, over 1,187 species, besides varieties and forms, are described in the present work, and mention is also made of the latest discoveries. It is written in clear and popular language, with the least possible use of technical terms, and it is hoped that it will be of material assistance in fostering the rising tide of popularity which this very interesting family of plants is now enjoyi.
My thanks are due to Messrs. Friedrich Adolph Haage, Junior, of Erfurt, for their courtesy in allowing reproduction of the illustrations in this book from a selection of photos kindly supplied by them, and also for the loan of the block for the frontispiece.
J. Borg Malta, April, 1937
The firm of W. T. and H. E. Neale referred to in the above Preface is, of course, now known as W. T. Neale and Company Ltd. and is operating
from Franklin Road, Worthing, Sussex.
PREFACE TO THE SECOND EDITION
The favour with which the first edition of this book has been received by Cactus-growers and amateurs has induced me to revise the text for a second edition. The few inaccuracies which had crept in unavoidably in the preparation of the first edition have been corrected, and descriptions of 312 other species have been added, thus bringing the total number of species described to 1,500. The new genera Haageocereus, Spegazzinia and Chilenia have been included in the classification, as it appears that they are now being more generally accepted. The genera Opuntia, Cephalocereus, Notocactus, Parodia, Echinopsis, Lobivia and Rebutia have been rearranged and classified, in order to further assist the reader in the identification of the species.
The number of illustrations has been increased by eighteen plates, each showing two species, carefully selected for some outstanding character.
In the first edition the specific name was written with a capital initial letter only when it is the name for a person used in the possessive. In this edition I am complying with the International Rules by writing all specific names derived from names of persons or genera with a capital initial letter. This course, although not free from objection, has now the sanction of usage.
I am using again the Centigrade scale of temperature, whenever necessary for cultural directions, but in order to avoid possible confusion on the part of the gardener, in each case I am also giving the equivalents in the Fahrenheit scale.
A PRELIMINARY TALK ON CACTACEAE
I INTRODUCTION - 17
II THE CACTACEAE - 19
III GENERAL ORGANOGRAPHY OF THE CACTACEAE - 21
IV CLIMATE - 29
V SOIL - 33
VI PLANTING AND POTTING - 37
VII WATERING AND SPRAYING - 40
VIII SOWING AND CARE OF SEEDLINGS - 42
IX PROPAGATION BY CUTTINGS AND OFFSETS - 45
X PROPAGATION BY GRAFTING - 49
XI CRISTATE FORMS AND OTHER MONSTROSITIES - 54
XII HYBRIDIZATION - 56
CLASSIFICATION - 60
A TABLE OF CLASSIFICATION AS FOLLOWED IN THIS BOOK - 62
DESCRIPTIONS OF ALL THE RECOGNIZED GENERA AND OF MOST OF THE SPECIES, PARTICULARLY OF THE SPECIES
MET WITH IN CULTIVATION - 66
CONCLUSION: A SUMMARY OF CULTURAL HINTS - 444
BIBLIOGRAPHY - 455
INDEX - 457